EBMcalc Logo
   INTRO    EQUATIONS    CRITERIA    DECISION TREES    CONVERTERS    SPECIALTIES    OPTIMIZERS    MATHCALC    EHR CONNECT    REFS    SEARCH    NEW!
 
 
  EBMcalc Methodology References

 

 
1x1Medicine is a science of uncertainty and an art of probability ...
 
1x1 William Osler, MD
 

 
References
  1. Muhlenbruch K, Heraclides A, Steyerberg EW, et. al. Assessing improvement in disease prediction using net reclassification improvement: impact of risk cut-offs and number of risk categories. Eur J Epidemiol. 2013 Jan;28(1):25-33. doi: 10.1007/s10654-012-9744-0. Epub 2012 Nov 20. PMID: 23179629 PubMed Logo
  2. Leening MJ, Cook NR. Net reclassification improvement: a link between statistics and clinical practice. Eur J Epidemiol. 2013 Jan;28(1):21-3. doi: 10.1007/s10654-012-9759-6. Epub 2013 Jan 5. PMID: 23291877 PubMed Logo
  3. Leening MJ, Vedder MM, Witteman JC, et. al. Net reclassification improvement: computation, interpretation, and controversies: a literature review and clinician's guide. Ann Intern Med. 2014 Jan 21;160(2):122-31. PMID: 24592497 PubMed Logo
  4. Caplan LR. Scores of Scores. JAMA Neurol. 70(2):252-253. PMID: 23165963 PubMed Logo
  5. Concato J. Probability, uncertainty, and prostate cancer. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Feb 5;158(3):211-2. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-158-3-201302050-00012. PMID: 23381041 PubMed Logo
  6. Cornell JE, Laine C. The science and art of deduction: complex systematic overviews. Ann Intern Med. 2008 May 20;148(10):786-8. PMID: 18490692 PubMed Logo
  7. Edlow JA. Risk stratification in TIA patients: "It's the vascular lesion, stupid!". Neurology. 2012 Sep 4;79(10):958-9. doi: 10.1212/WNL.0b013e31825f9e68. Epub 2012 Jun 13. PMID: 22700808 PubMed Logo
  8. Feinstein AR. Multi-item "instruments" vs Virginia Apgar's principles of clinimetrics. Arch Intern Med. 1999 Jan 25;159(2):125-8. PMID: 9927093 PubMed Logo
  9. Gordon WJ, Polansky JM, Boscardin WJ, et. al. Coronary risk assessment by point-based vs. equation-based Framingham models: significant implications for clinical care. J Gen Intern Med. 2010 Nov;25(11):1145-51. Epub 2010 Sep 8. PMID: 20824362 PubMed Logo
  10. Hayden JA, van der Windt DA, Cartwright JL, et. al. Assessing bias in studies of prognostic factors. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Feb 19;158(4):280-6. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-158-4-201302190-00009. PMID: 23420236 PubMed Logo
  11. Hayden JA, Cote P, Bombardier C. Evaluation of the quality of prognosis studies in systematic reviews. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Mar 21;144(6):427-37. PMID: 16549855 PubMed Logo
  12. Katz MH. Multivariable analysis: a primer for readers of medical research. Ann Intern Med. 2003 Apr 15;138(8):644-50. PMID: 12693887 PubMed Logo
  13. Laupacis A, Sekar N, Stiell IG. Clinical prediction rules. A review and suggested modifications of methodological standards. JAMA. 1997 Feb 12;277(6):488-94. Review. PMID: 9020274 PubMed Logo
  14. Localio AR, Goodman S. Beyond the usual prediction accuracy metrics: reporting results for clinical decision making. Ann Intern Med. 2012 Aug 21;157(4):294-5. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-157-4-201208210-00014. PMID: 22910942 PubMed Logo
  15. McGinn T. Practice corner: using clinical prediction rules. ACP J Club. 2002 Sep-Oct;137(2):A11-2. PMID: 12207456 PubMed Logo
  16. Muller-Riemenschneider F, Holmberg C, Rieckmann N, et. al. Barriers to routine risk-score use for healthy primary care patients: survey and qualitative study. Arch Intern Med. 2010 Apr 26;170(8):719-24. doi: 10.1001/archinternmed.2010.66. PMID: 20421559 PubMed Logo
  17. Straus S, Haynes B, Glasziou P, Dickersin K, Guyatt G. Misunderstandings, misperceptions, and mistakes. ACP J Club. 2007. Jan-Feb;146(1):A8-9. PMID: 17203920 PubMed Logo
  18. Hunder GG. The use and misuse of classification and diagnostic criteria for complex diseases. Ann Intern Med. 1998 Sep 1;129(5):417-8. PMID: 9735071 PubMed Logo
  19. Reilly BM, Evans AT. Translating clinical research into clinical practice: impact of using prediction rules to make decisions. Ann Intern Med. 2006 Feb 7;144(3):201-9. PMID: 16461965 PubMed Logo
  20. Yealy DM, Auble TE. Choosing between clinical prediction rules. N Engl J Med. 2003 Dec 25;349(26):2553-5. PMID: 14695417 PubMed Logo
  21. Wegwarth O, Schwartz LM, Woloshin S, et. al. Do physicians understand cancer screening statistics? A national survey of primary care physicians in the United States. Ann Intern Med. 2012 Mar 6;156(5):340-9. doi: 10.1059/0003-4819-156-5-201203060-00005. PMID: 22393129 PubMed Logo
  22. Mills EJ, Ioannidis JP, Thorlund K, et. al. How to use an article reporting a multiple treatment comparison meta-analysis. JAMA. 2012 Sep 26;308(12):1246-53. PMID: 23011714 PubMed Logo
  23. Frankovich J, Longhurst CA, Sutherland SM. Evidence-based medicine in the EMR era. N Engl J Med. 2011 Nov 10;365(19):1758-9. doi: 10.1056/NEJMp1108726. Epub 2011 Nov 2. PMID: 22047518 PubMed Logo
  24. Kent DM, Shah ND. Risk models and patient-centered evidence: should physicians expect one right answer?. JAMA. 2012 Apr 18;307(15):1585-6. doi: 10.1001/jama.2012.469. PMID: 22511683 PubMed Logo
  25. Perla RJ. The physics of health care improvement. JAMA. 2011 Jun 1;305(21):2223-4. doi: 10.1001/jama.2011.735. PMID: 21632486 PubMed Logo
  26. Alberg AJ, Park JW, Hager BW, et. al. The use of "overall accuracy" to evaluate the validity of screening or diagnostic tests. J Gen Intern Med. 2004 May;19(5 Pt 1):460-5. Review. PMID: 15109345 PubMed Logo
  27. Leeflang MM, Deeks JJ, Gatsonis C, Bossuyt PM; Cochrane Diagnostic Test Accuracy Working Group. Systematic reviews of diagnostic test accuracy. Ann Intern Med. 2008 Dec 16;149(12):889-97. PMID: 19075208 PubMed Logo
  28. Haynes RB, Wilczynski N. Finding the gold in MEDLINE: clinical queries. ACP J Club. 2005 Jan-Feb;142(1):A8-9. PMID: 15656539 PubMed Logo
  29. Haynes B, Haynes GA. ACP Journal Club. What does it take to put an ugly fact through the heart of a beautiful hypothesis?. Ann Intern Med. 2009 Mar 17;150(6):JC3-2, JC3-3. PMID: 19306483 PubMed Logo
  30. Janes H, Pepe MS, Gu W. Assessing the value of risk predictions by using risk stratification tables. Ann Intern Med. 2008 Nov 18;149(10):751-60. PMID: 19017593 PubMed Logo
  31. Fawcett T. An introduction to ROC analysis. Pattern Recognition Letters. Volume 27, Issue 8, June 2006, p. 861-744.
  32. Hanley JA, McNeil BJ. The meaning and use of the area under a receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. Radiology. 1982 Apr;143(1):29-36. PMID: 7063747 PubMed Logo
  33. Cook NR. Use and misuse of the receiver operating characteristic curve in risk prediction. Circulation. 2007 Feb 20;115(7):928-35. PMID: 17309939 PubMed Logo
  34. Pepe MS, Janes H, Gu JW. Letter by Pepe et al regarding article, "Use and misuse of the receiver operating characteristic curve in risk prediction". Circulation. 2007 Aug 7;116(6):e132; author reply e134. PMID: 17679623 PubMed Logo
  35. Wellbery C. The value of medical uncertainty?. Lancet. 2010 May 15;375(9727):1686-7. PMID: 20480942 PubMed Logo
  36. Smith GC, Pell JP. Parachute use to prevent death and major trauma related to gravitational challenge: systematic review of randomised controlled trials. BMJ. 2003 Dec 20;327(7429):1459-61. Review. PMID: 14684649 PubMed Logo
  37. Chong CA. Don't read this article. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Apr 2;158(7):566-7. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-158-7-201304020-00012. PMID: 23546571 PubMed Logo
  38. Brancati FL. A piece of my mind. Morning distort. JAMA. 1991 Sep 25;266(12):1627. PMID: 1886180 PubMed Logo
  39. Brancati FL. The art of pimping. JAMA. 1989 Jul 7;262(1):89-90. PMID: 2733128 PubMed Logo
  40. Bright TJ, Wong A, Dhurjati R, Bristow E, et. al. Effect of clinical decision-support systems: a systematic review. Ann Intern Med. 2012 Jul 3;157(1):29-43. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-157-1-201207030-00450. Review. PMID: 22751758 PubMed Logo
  41. Schlessinger L, Eddy DM. Archimedes: a new model for simulating health care systems--the mathematical formulation. J Biomed Inform. 2002 Feb;35(1):37-50. PMID: 12415725 PubMed Logo
  42. Eddy DM. The origins of evidence-based medicine--a personal perspective. Virtual Mentor. 2011 Jan 1;13(1):55-60. doi:10.1001/virtualmentor.2011.13.1.mhst1-1101. PMID: 23134763 PubMed Logo
  43. Taksler GB, Keshner M, Fagerlin A, et. al. Personalized estimates of benefit from preventive care guidelines: a proof of concept. Ann Intern Med. 2013 Aug 6;159(3):161-8. doi: 10.7326/0003-4819-159-3-201308060-00005. PMID: 23922061 PubMed Logo
  44. Lader EW. Acronym mania. Lancet. 2002 Aug 17;360(9332):576. PMID: 12241699 PubMed Logo
  45. Sackett DL, Rosenberg WM, Gray JA, Haynes RB, Richardson WS. Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't. BMJ. 1996 Jan 13;312(7023):71-2. PMID: 8555924 PubMed Logo
  46. Prorok JC, Iserman EC, Wilczynski NL, Haynes RB. The quality, breadth, and timeliness of content updating vary substantially for 10 online medical texts: an analytic survey. J Clin Epidemiol. 2012 Dec;65(12):1289-95. doi:10.1016/j.jclinepi.2012.05.003. PMID: 22974495 PubMed Logo
  47. Bates DW, Kuperman GJ, Wang S, et. al. Ten commandments for effective clinical decision support: making the practice of evidence-based medicine a reality. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 2003 Nov-Dec;10(6):523-30. PMID: 12925543 PubMed Logo
  48. Hauptman PJ, Armbrecht ES, Chibnall JT, et. al. Errata in medical publications. Am J Med. 2014 Aug;127(8):779-785.e1. PMID: 24662621 PubMed Logo
  49. Moons KG, Altman DG, Reitsma JB, et. al. Transparent Reporting of a multivariable prediction model for Individual Prognosis Or Diagnosis (TRIPOD): Explanation and Elaboration. Ann Intern Med. 2015 Jan 6;162(1):W1-W73. PMID: 25560730 PubMed Logo
  50. Fitzgerald M, Saville BR, Lewis RJ. Decision curve analysis. JAMA. 2015 Jan 27;313(4):409-10. PMID: 25626037 PubMed Logo
  51. Barnett GO, Winickoff R, Dorsey JL, et. al. Quality assurance through automated monitoring and concurrent feedback using a computer-based medical information system. Med Care. 1978 Nov;16(11):962-70. PMID: 101723 PubMed Logo
  52. Rothman MJ, Rothman SI, Beals J 4th. Development and validation of a continuous measure of patient condition using the Electronic Medical Record. J Biomed Inform. 2013 Oct;46(5):837-48. PMID: 23831554 PubMed Logo
  53. Schadow G, McDonald CJ, Suico JG, et. al. Units of measure in clinical information systems. J Am Med Inform Assoc. 1999 Mar-Apr;6(2):151-62. PMID: 10094068 PubMed Logo
  54. Chyjek K, Farag S, Chen KT. Rating Pregnancy Wheel Applications Using the APPLICATIONS Scoring System. Obstet Gynecol. 2015 Jun;125(6):1478-83. PMID: 26000520 PubMed Logo
  55. Sniderman AD, D'Agostino RB Sr, Pencina MJ. The Role of Physicians in the Era of Predictive Analytics. JAMA. 2015 Jul 7;314. PMID: 26151261 PubMed Logo
  56. Parsh J, Seth M, Aronow H, et. al. Choice of Estimated Glomerular Filtration Rate Equation Impacts Drug-Dosing Recommendations and Risk Stratification in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Interventions. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Jun 30;65(25):2714-23. PMID: 26112195 PubMed Logo
  57. Taner MT, Sezen B, Atwat K. A comparison of two diagnostic performance measures: signal-to-noise ratio versus partial area under receiver operating characteristic curve. Int J Health Care Qual Assur. 2013;26(2):109-17. PMID: 23534147 PubMed Logo
  58. Silver D, Huang A, Maddison CJ, Guez A, et. al. Mastering the game of Go with deep neural networks and tree search. Nature. 2016 Jan 28;529(7587):484-9. PMID: 26819042 PubMed Logo
  59. Sim I. Two Ways of Knowing: Big Data and Evidence-Based Medicine. Ann Intern Med. 2016 Apr 19;164(8):562-3. PMID: 26809201 PubMed Logo
  60. DiCenso A, Bayley L, Haynes RB. ACP Journal Club Editorial: Accessing preappraised evidence: fine-tuning the 5S model into a 6S model. Ann Intern Med. 2009 Sep 15;151(6). PMID: 19755349 PubMed Logo
  61. Dziadzko MA, Gajic O, Pickering BW, Herasevich V. Clinical calculators in hospital medicine: Availability, classification, and needs. Comput Methods Programs Biomed. 2016 Sep;133:1-6. PMID: 27393794 PubMed Logo

 
Associated Medical Subject Headings [MeSH] Terms
 
         80 and over,   APACHE,   Abbreviations as Topic,   Accidents,   Adolescent,   Adult,   Advertising as Topic,   Age Factors,   Aged,   Algorithms,   Anticoagulants,   Anxiety Disorders,   Apgar Score,   Area Under Curve,   Aspirin,   Attitude of Health Personnel,   Authorship,   Aviation,   Bias (Epidemiology),   Bibliometrics,   Biological,   Biological Markers,   Biomedical Research,   Breast Neoplasms,   Calibration,   Cardiovascular,   Cardiovascular Diseases,   Cell Phones,   Cervical Vertebrae,   Checklist,   Cholesterol,   Chronic,   Chronic Disease,   Clinical,   Clinical Competence,   Clinical Medicine,   Clinical Trials as Topic,   Cohort Studies,   Computational Biology,   Computer Simulation,   Computer-Assisted,   Computerized,   Computers,   Concurrent Review,   Confounding Factors (Epidemiology),   Continental Population Groups,   Coronary Disease,   Cost-Benefit Analysis,   Data Interpretation,   Databases,   Datasets as Topic,   Death,   Decision Making,   Decision Support Systems,   Decision Support Techniques,   Delivery of Health Care,   Diabetes Mellitus,   Diagnosis,   Diagnostic Techniques and Procedures,   Diagnostic Tests,   Differential,   Early Detection of Cancer,   Electronic Health Records,   European Continental Ancestry Group,   Evaluation Studies as Topic,   Evidence-Based Medicine,   Factual,   Family Practice,   Female,   Fibrinolytic Agents,   Focus Groups,   Fourier Analysis,   Games,   Glomerular Filtration Rate,   Guidelines as Topic,   HDL,   Handheld,   Health Care Surveys,   Health Maintenance Organizations,   Health Promotion,   Health Services Research,   Health Status,   Hospitals,   Humans,   Image-Guided Biopsy,   Incidence,   Infant,   Information Storage and Retrieval,   Information Systems,   Inservice Training,   International Classification of Diseases,   Internet,   Internship and Residency,   Interventional,   Ischemic Attack,   Knowledge,   LDL,   Life Expectancy,   Linear Models,   Lipoproteins,   Literature,   Logistic Models,   Low Back Pain,   Lung Neoplasms,   Lupus Erythematosus,   MEDLINE,   Magnetic Resonance Imaging,   Male,   Mammography,   Markov Chains,   Mass Screening,   Mathematical Computing,   Mathematics,   Medical,   Medical History Taking,   Medical Records,   Medical Records Systems,   Medicine in Art,   Medicine in Literature,   Meta-Analysis as Topic,   Middle Aged,   Mobile Applications,   Models,   Modern,   Monte Carlo Method,   Mortality,   Multivariate Analysis,   Neck Injuries,   Neoplasms,   Neural Networks (Computer),   Newborn,   Nonpenetrating,   Nutrition Surveys,   Obstetrics,   Odds Ratio,   Organizational Innovation,   Outcome and Process Assessment (Health Care),   Paroxetine,   Patient Care,   Patient Discharge,   Patient Participation,   Patient Readmission,   Patient Selection,   Patients,   Percutaneous Coronary Intervention,   Periodicals as Topic,   Pharyngitis,   Philosophy,   Physical Examination,   Physician''s Role,   Physician's Practice Patterns,   Physician-Patient Relations,   Physicians,   Physics,   Platelet Aggregation Inhibitors,   Poetry as Topic,   Point-of-Care Systems,   Practice Guidelines as Topic,   Predictive Value of Tests,   Pregnancy,   Preventive Health Services,   Primary Care,   Primary Health Care,   Primary Prevention,   Probability,   Prognosis,   Programming Languages,   Proportional Hazards Models,   Prospective Studies,   Prostate-Specific Antigen,   Prostatic Neoplasms,   Protective Devices,   Psychometrics,   Publication Bias,   Publishing,   Quality of Health Care,   Questionnaires,   ROC Curve,   Radiologic,   Randomized Controlled Trials as Topic,   Reading,   Recreational,   Reference Standards,   Reference Values,   Reinforcement (Psychology),   Renal Insufficiency,   Reproducibility of Results,   Research,   Research Design,   Review Literature as Topic,   Risk Assessment,   Risk Factors,   Routine,   Sensitivity and Specificity,   Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors,   Sex Factors,   Signal-To-Noise Ratio,   Software,   Spinal Fractures,   Statistical,   Statistics as Topic,   Streptococcal Infections,   Stroke,   Sudden,   Supervised Machine Learning,   Survival Rate,   Systemic,   Technology,   Theoretical,   Therapy,   Thrombosis,   Time Factors,   Tomography,   Transient,   Traumatology,   Treatment Outcome,   Type 2,   Ultrasonography,   Uncertainty,   User-Computer Interface,   Utilization Review,   Vasculitis,   Weights and Measures,   Wit and Humor as Topic,   Women,   Wounds,   Wounds and Injuries,   X-Ray Computed,   Young Adult

 
Legal Notices and Disclaimer

 
All information contained in and produced by the EBMcalc system is provided for educational purposes only. This information should not be used for the diagnosis or treatment of any health problem or disease. THIS INFORMATION IS NOT INTENDED TO REPLACE CLINICAL JUDGMENT OR GUIDE INDIVIDUAL PATIENT CARE IN ANY MANNER. Click here for full notice and disclaimer.
 
EBMcalc is Copyright © 1998-2017 Foundation Internet    [Build 252391 v17.1]